The Altar Steps
Date Published: August 17, 2012
Number of Pages: 376
Print Price: $10.50
eBook Price: $
Compton Mackenzie is most noted for his comic novels of the 1940s, Monarch of the Glen and Whiskey Galore, set in Scotland. However, earlier in his career, he was seen as a literary novelist and was greatly admired by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Mackenzie was admired for, among other works, his coming of age Sinister Street novel (in 2 volumes), which was compared to W. Somerset Maugham’s Of Human Bondage.
Mackenzie’s Anglo-Catholic trilogy of novels—The Altar Steps, The Parson’s Progress and Heaven’s Ladder—adds up to another bildungsroman flavored effort on Mackenzie’s part. The main character Mark Lidderdale is, like Mackenzie, deeply religious. His development as a Catholic is charted by the three novels. Some time back I found a free online copy of The Altar Steps, (Project Gutenberg) downloaded it to my reading device, and read it through.
In the opening chapters of the book, it is the late 19th century and Mark’s father James, an Anglican priest, has come to St. Simon’s Notting Hill, an outpost of the Catholic Movement in the Church of England. Fr. Lidderdale is given charge of the St. Simon’s Lima Street Mission. The Lima Street Mission typifies the outreach to working class and poor constituents that was a marked aspect of the Catholic Revival. James Lidderdale falls afoul of the bishop with a Mass of the Pre-Sanctified and a ceremony of Creeping to the Cross on Good Friday, among other Ritualist practices. His conflict with the bishop brings on a bout of rage and self-pity. He rants that his lack of fealty to his vow of celibacy as a Catholic priest has caused this downfall, and he abandons Mark and his mother, and leaves for missionary work in Africa.
Young Mark and his mother return to Cornwall and to the care of his benevolent, more Protestant, priest-grandfather. Mark is sent to an uncle to be educated in his private, very evangelical boy’s school, Haverton House. After a few years, Mark runs afoul of his uncle and what Mackenzie calls “his desiccated religion.” On Whit-Sunday (Penetecost, day of the coming of the Holy Spirit) on a walk in the fields, Mark is drawn by church bells to an Anglo-Catholic parish nearby. Mark is swept up in the piety of his childhood by the Sanctus, the Nicene Creed, and the mystery of the Mass. He becomes friendly with the vicar, Stephen Ogilvie, and his mother and sisters, and comes into the Ogilvie family’s sphere of influence for the rest of the novel.
Mark is confirmed at Fr. Ogilvie’s church at Meade Cantorum and decides to become a priest. The vicar tutors him in classics and eventually Mark sits for scholarship exams at Oxford. However, in a fit of self-sacrifice he deliberately fails his exams in favor of a less fortunate student. Still set on the priesthood, Mark makes a vow of celibacy and seeks to occupy his time until he can enroll in theological college and qualify for ordination.
In the ensuing year’s, Mark lives and works at an Anglo-Catholic mission much like the one his father ran. At Chatsea, Mark is tutored by Fr. Rowley, an avid Anglo-Catholic and selfless missionary to the poor fishing and merchant marine families of the seaside village. Fr. Rowley is widely admired for his work, and by subscription and exhaustive fundraising, he builds a magnificent parish church in Chatsea. However, a new bishop is unwilling to license the church with its Altar of the Dead, where masses are to be offered for the salvation of the souls of the many dead sailors from the community. This flagrantly Catholic practice cannot be sanctioned and Fr. Rowley, much like Mark’s own father, abandons his ministry rather than compromise his principles.
Mark decides to be an itinerant preacher, and eventually lands in one of the newly reformed Anglican monasteries. The Order of St. George struggles to pursue its mission when its founder and leading light must constantly travel, preach and fundraise. It is meant to be a mission to sailors, but must close its portside priories and retreat to its mother house to await brighter days. The novices and monks are by turns truly devout and foolishly distracted by the ethereal ceremonies of monastic life and profession. At the end of the novel, Mark leaves the order and rededicates himself to his priestly vocation.
The novel brings to life the conflicts that arose out of the Anglo-Catholic revival in Anglicanism as they confronted the movement’s second generation. Mark’s own father and his mentor, Fr. Rowley, both seek to bring pastoral comfort to their poor communities through Anglo-Catholic liturgy and authentic Catholic theology and piety. Both men are eventually countered by short-sighted, reactionary bishops who tout the letter of ecclesial law and ignore the enormous good that these priests are doing.
The Anglo-Catholic social ministry is foremost in Mackenzie’s view of the movement. The author has great approbation for the devotion these men had to the poor communities that were often the only ones that would accept their theological and liturgical Catholicism. Fr. Rowley’s devotion to his Altar for the Dead, and the deep meaning it held for his parishioners who scrimped and saved to build it, is profound and moving.
Anglo-Catholic monasticism is given less praise as the fictional Order of St. Paul is made to seem at best misguided and unsuccessful, and at worst frivolous. The hero Mark makes mistakes along his way to spiritual maturity. In one hilarious episode, he attempts to kidnap an evangelical MP’s son and spirit him away to an Anglo-Catholic vicarage where he can be safely converted to the Catholic faith and practice. His effort is discovered and thwarted, but we see the sometime overlap and interplay of ecclesial and secular politics.
As the novel concludes, in a nice turnabout, Mark has learned that he is to be ordained, and his first reflections are on what he will preach the next Sunday—not on what vestments he’ll wear or rituals he’ll enact. Mackenzie clearly has a high regard for the seriousness of the Catholic Movement, and great sympathy for it. His novel’s chief value for me was its from-the-inside view of the Anglo-Catholic movement. It combines, with an attitude of sympathy and even of devoutness, a shrewdly realistic and critical spirit, an ability to see all sides of a complicated question, a subtlety that distinguishes in just the right way between church and faith, between personality and conviction. It is a rare book in that it maintains so effectively, without intentional irreverence, the glamour of religion, while it analyzes religious manifestations and clerical organizations with the acuteness of a skeptic and with an astringent but unscoffing humor such as few skeptics can command.
The novel is powerful, its drama being subtle, as it turns largely upon the breaking up of a love match through the conflict between extreme religiosity and a kind of madness of denial, with a grotesque death by accident at the story’s culmination. All through it, The Altar Steps is irresistibly compelling. There is no way you cannot read this novel to its satisfying end.
Publisher: Forgotten Books
Original Language: English
Book Dimensions: 9 x 6 x 0.8 inches
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