All Quiet on the Western Front

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Category: Classic
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Date Published: September 29, 1996
Number of Pages: 304
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One of the greatest pieces of literature to have emerged from the Great War was Erich Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front. It is the story of a young man and his classmates just out of school and their catastrophic experiences during the Great War.

Remarque was baptised and raised a Catholic. He was educated in Catholic schools and attended a Catholic teachers' seminary until he was called up in 1916 and then injured at Passchendaele. So it seems reasonable to ask what impact Catholicism had on his most famous book.

It is something of a cliché that religious belief was one of the casualties of the war and, at first glance, All Quiet on the Western Front seems to bear the cliché out. While meeting the bereaved mother of one of his fellow soldiers, Paul Bäumer, the narrator (or, at least, the first of the novel's two narrators) says, "God, is there anything I hold sacred? You soon change your views on that sort of thing where we are."

However, as Brian Murdoch points out in the Afterword to his translation of the novel, "All Quiet on the Western Front is not a memoir." It is a work of fiction and we have to see this narratorial comment in the context of the whole novel, a novel in which, to quote Brian Murdoch again, "the motif of the inextinguishable spark of life in man" cannot be ignored.

Murdoch does not explicitly link this spark of life with Catholicism but there is surely some link: when, later in the book, the narrator finds himself in a Catholic infirmary he declares that "this is a piece of good luck, because the Catholic hospitals are known for good treatment and good food."

The place clearly has its faults—the nuns are criticized for praying loudly in the corridor with the doors open—but it is still a place where utter cynicism cannot survive: "There is no one who wouldn't do anything in the world for Sister Tina, a wonderful nurse, who cheers up the whole wing, even when we can only see her from a distance," Bäumer tells us.

And when we are tempted to see her as an isolated saintly nun, he reminds us that "there are a few more like her. We'd go through hell and high water for them."

Of course, there's a great deal more to the novel than these hospital scenes. There is much that is harrowing (as well as much that is funny) in its pages. This is a novel written by a great writer as well as a witness to the horrors of war and some of his descriptions capture the reality of war in a way no one else has ever quite managed.

And yet, despite the horrors it describes, this is not a book without hope, nor a book that is entirely free of the consolations of religion. Remarque went on to write plenty more novels after this one: I shall now be making a conscious effort to seek them out.

Publisher:
ISBN-13: 978-0449911495
Original Language: English translation (originally German)
Book Dimensions: 5.5 x 0.9 x 8.2 inches


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Roy Peachey is an English teacher in Cambridge, UK. His first degree was in Modern History from Oxford University and he then went on to take an English degree with the Open University and an MA in Chinese Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. His interests range from Chinese literature to Old English, from Children’s Literature to Contemporary Fiction. Roy has written articles for a number of Catholic publications including the Catholic Herald.

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